Phoebe Couzins: Pioneer Lawyer and Suffragist

In the 1870s, Phoebe Couzins (1842-1913) became the third or fourth female lawyer in the United States and a popular public speaker in support of women's rights. After her father died in 1887, the U.S. government appointed her as the first female in the U.S. Marshal Service, and she finished her father's term of service.

Early Years

Phoebe Wilson Couzins was born September 8, 1842 in St. Louis, Missouri to John E.D. …Read More...

Women at the U.S. Treasury Department

Image: Lady Clerks Leaving the Treasury Department at Washington
This illustration was published February 18, 1865, in Harper's Weekly.

During the Civil War, the Department of the Treasury in Washington, DC hired women workers to fill clerical positions vacated by men who had left to fight with the Union Army. Until that time, clerking was strictly a male occupation. Believing women were particularly well-suited for the task, the Treasurer of the …Read More...

The Woman Who Saved the Brooklyn Bridge

Emily Warren Roebling (1843-1903) was married to Washington Roebling, who was Chief Engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge. After her husband was incapacitated by caisson disease (the bends), Emily helped him complete the building of the bridge. First American woman engineer, one source calls her a prioneering example of independence.

Childhood and Early Years
Emily was born into the upper middle class family of Sylvanus and Phebe Warren at Cold Spring, New York …Read More...

Civil War Women Working in Hospitals

Image: Union Hotel Hospital
Washington, DC

In Union hospitals, the term matron referred to the woman who had the responsibility of supervising the wards in general hospitals - large military facilities in Northern cities, far away from the battlefields. Running hospitals during the war taught women that they could be leaders, and that the limitations society placed on them could sometimes be changed.

The Union Hotel and Tavern, built in Washington, DC in …Read More...