Women at the U.S. Treasury Department

Image: Lady Clerks Leaving the Treasury Department at Washington
This illustration was published February 18, 1865, in Harper's Weekly.

During the Civil War, the Department of the Treasury in Washington, DC hired women workers to fill clerical positions vacated by men who had left to fight with the Union Army. Until that time, clerking was strictly a male occupation. Believing women were particularly well-suited for the task, the Treasurer of the …Read More...

The Woman Who Saved the Brooklyn Bridge

Emily Warren Roebling (1843-1903) was married to Washington Roebling, who was Chief Engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge. After her husband was incapacitated by caisson disease (the bends), Emily helped him complete the building of the bridge. First American woman engineer, one source calls her a prioneering example of independence.

Childhood and Early Years
Emily was born into the upper middle class family of Sylvanus and Phebe Warren at Cold Spring, New York …Read More...

Civil War Women Working in Hospitals

Image: Union Hotel Hospital
Washington, DC

In Union hospitals, the term matron referred to the woman who had the responsibility of supervising the wards in general hospitals - large military facilities in Northern cities, far away from the battlefields. Running hospitals during the war taught women that they could be leaders, and that the limitations society placed on them could sometimes be changed.

The Union Hotel and Tavern, built in Washington, DC in …Read More...

General Sherman Deported Women from the South

In July 1864, approximately 400 mill workers in Georgia - nearly all women, were taken prisoner by the Union Army. They were then put on trains headed North, and few of them ever made their way back home. They would be referred to as Factory Hands or Roswell Women in the Official Records.

Image: Roswell Mill Women

During the summer of 1864, the Union Army under the leadership of General William …Read More...

Performing at Ford's Theatre When Lincoln Was Shot

Laura Keene was a British-American stage actress who became known was the first powerful female theater manager and is credited with establishing New York City as the leading theatrical center in the United States. She was the featured actress in the production of Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre, during which John Wilkes Booth shot President Abraham Lincoln.

Early Years
She was born Mary Frances Moss July 20, 1826 in Winchester, …Read More...

Civil War Women in the Arsenals

On September 17, 1862, seventy-eight girls and young women were killed in an explosion at the Allegheny Arsenal in the Lawrenceville section of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - the worst civilian disaster of the Civil War. The deaths of these young women were given little press coverage because the Battle of Antietam was fought the same day. This post is dedicated to their memory.

Image: Allegheny Arsenal Laboratory Building (circa 1870) and the Stone Road

Employment …