A Regiment in the Famous Irish Brigade

When the Civil War broke out, thousands of Irishmen joined the Union Army. Three all-Irish infantry regiments were raised in New York City, and these units would become the core of the Irish Brigade: the 63rd, 69th, and 88th Infantry Regiments, New York State Volunteers. Confederate General Robert E. Lee gave them the nickname 'Fighting 69th'; that designation continued in later wars.

Fighting 69th, the Paintings
In 1991, artist Mort Kunstler had …

Harriet Morrison Irwin (1828-1897) of Charlotte, North Carolina holds a special place in American history as the first woman to patent an architectural design. The structure she created in 1869 was a hexagonal house. She and her husband built at least one version in Charlotte, and she may have designed other hexagonal houses. In addition to her work in architecture, Irwin wrote primarily nonfiction articles related to history and progress.

Early Years
Harriet Abigail Morrison was born in Charlotte, …

Pioneer for Women's Equal Rights

Early Years
When Rebecca Pennell, born in 1821, was four years old, her father died and her mother moved back to her childhood home in Franklin, Massachusetts. Rebecca's mother was the sister of the prominent educational reformer Horace Mann and had a strong relationship with him.

Mann took a particular interest in the education of his nieces and nephew after their father's death, and provided them with financial support. Rebecca remembered Mann as …Read More...

Nurses for the Confederacy

Augusta Jane Evans

One of the most popular American novelists of the nineteenth century, Augusta Jane Evans (1835-1909) became the first female author in the United States to earn more than $100,000 for her work. Although Evans' first novel was a failure, her second, Beulah (1859), was a resounding success; it sold 22,000 copies in the first nine months and received high praise from reviewers. With her literary success, Evans was able to support her family. …Read More...

Civil War Nurse and Humanatarian

Sallie Chapman Gordon Law was the first recorded Confederate nurse in the American Civil War. She was the president of the Southern Mothers' Association, a group of women from the Second Presbyterian Church in Memphis, Tennessee. She gave of herself without compensation or reimbursement of expenses.

Early Years
Sallie Chapman Gordon was born August 27, 1805 in Wilkes County, North Carolina. Nothing is known of her early education, but she often exhibited evidence that …Read More...